Endangered Species in Santa Cruz County - Amphibians

Santa Cruz Long-Toed Salamander

Santa Cruz Long-Toed Salamander

Scientific Name: Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum

Status: E, PCH

The Santa Cruz long-toed salamander is a relatively small (four to 12 inches), black salamander with yellow-orange blotches. It frequents coastal woodlands and chaparral near the ponds and freshwater marshes in which it breeds. This salamander spends a significant portion of its life underground in the burrows of small mammals such as mice, gophers, and moles.

The Santa Cruz long-toed salamander is currently known from three population clusters (metapopulations) in coastal areas of Monterey and Santa Cruz counties.

In Santa Cruz County, primary threats have been road construction and urbanization. In Monterey County, the main reasons for decline are extensive and intensive agricultural practices and urbanization.

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Last updated by phippsa on Jan. 3, 2018

Browse by Status Key

E — Endangered

T — Threatened

CH — Critical Habitat

PE — Taxa proposed for listing as endangered

PT — Taxa proposed for listing as threatened

PCH — Critical habitat which has been proposed

C — Candidate species for which the Fish and Wildlife Service has on file sufficient information on the biological vulnerability and threats to support proposals to list as endangered or threatened

D — Delisted due to Recovery