Endangered Species in Santa Cruz County - Amphibians
California Tiger Salamander
Scientific Name: Ambystoma californiense
It is a large, stocky, terrestrial salamander with a broad, rounded snout. Adults males are about 8 inches long, females a little less than 7. Coloration consists of white or pale yellow spots or bars on a black background on the back and sides. The belly varies from almost uniform white or pale yellow to a variegated pattern of white or pale yellow and black. The salamander's small eyes protrude from their heads. They have black irises.
Prime habitat in California is grassland and open woodlands of foothills and valleys. Adults rely on rodent burrows (of ground squirrels and gophers) for underground retreats.
To Learn More:
Information on historical versus current distribution, habitat, breeding, predators.
- Animal Diversity Web - University of Michigan
Brief easy-to-read summaries describing habitat, geographic range, behavior, food status
- California Department of Fish and Game
Life History Notes - distribution, habitat, breeding
- CalPhotos - University of California, Berkeley
Browsable photographs of the species.
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Current listing status, links to Federal Register and Critical Habitat documents.
Last updated by ann on April 22, 2008
Browse by Status Key
E — Endangered
T — Threatened
CH — Critical Habitat
PE — Taxa proposed for listing as endangered
PT — Taxa proposed for listing as threatened
PCH — Critical habitat which has been proposed
C — Candidate species for which the Fish and Wildlife Service has on file sufficient information on the biological vulnerability and threats to support proposals to list as endangered or threatened