Santa Cruz County History - Executive Order 9066 and the Residents of Santa Cruz County


See AlsoSee also articles under "Cultural Diversity" and "World War II"

1. General Topics 2. Evacuation Period: Dec. 7, 1941 - June 17, 1942 3. During the Internment: June 17, 1942-1944 4. Release and Return of the Evacuees: 1945-1946

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Joseph "Joe" Smallwood was an African-American pioneer of Santa Cruz County, who was instrumental in leading the civil rights movement in the days before the Civil War and Emancipation Proclamation.

Smallwood, a barber by trade, was born in Maryland on June 11, 1814 to parents who were ex-slaves, having been ..." [More]

Excerpted from A Walk Through Time: Joseph Smallwood by Janet Krassow and Randy Krassow