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Joseph "Joe" Smallwood was an African-American pioneer of Santa Cruz County, who was instrumental in leading the civil rights movement in the days before the Civil War and Emancipation Proclamation.

Smallwood, a barber by trade, was born in Maryland on June 11, 1814 to parents who were ex-slaves, having been ..." [More]

Excerpted from A Walk Through Time: Joseph Smallwood by Janet Krassow and Randy Krassow