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Santa Cruz County History - Executive Order 9066 and the Residents of Santa Cruz County
Watsonville Register-Pajaronian. Dec. 18, 1944. p. 1
HIGH COURT RULES 'LOYAL JAPS' FREE
WASHINGTON (UP) - The supreme court ruled Monday that the army's removal of Japanese-Americans from the west coast early in 1942 was constitutional at the time it was carried out, but that citizens must be permitted to return to their homes when their loyalty to this country is established. The tribunal acted in two cases. It upheld contitutionality of the removal program by a 6 to 3 decision, and was unanimous in holding that loyal citizens should be released.
WASHINGTON (UP) - The supreme court ruled Monday that United States citizens of Japanese descent held in War Relocation centers but classified as "loyal" Americans should be given their freedom.
The ruling came one day after the war department announced that loyal citizens of Japanese ancestry would be permitted to return to their former homes after 33 months of enforced absence in relocation centers.
The court's unanimous ruling was written by Justice William O. Douglas in the case of Mitsuye Endo, 22-year-old Japanese-American woman now in the Topaz, Utah relocation camp. Justices Owen J. Roberts and Frank Murphy wrote individual concurring opinions.
Constitutionality of the federal government's regulations for the detention of Japanese who were evacuated from the Pacific coast in 1942 was challenged by Miss Endo, of Sacramento.
Her bid for freedom on a writ of habeas corpus was denied by the Northern California federal district court and, after she appealed to the ninth circuit court of appeals, the case was certified to the high tribunal for guidance in making the "proper" decision.
Copyrighted by the Watsonville Register-Pajaronian. Reproduced by permission.