Santa Cruz County History - Spanish Period & Earlier



Bibliography: "A Well Looking, Affable People..."
by MaryEllen Ryan

Recommended Additional Readings

A summarization such as the preceding cannot begin to describe in any detail the richness and variety of California Indian culture. The following are readily available sources for those wishing to further their understanding of the Ohlone and other California Indians. Asterisk (*) indicates exceptional sources. All were available in 1980, when the Archaeological Resources Protection Amendment was presented to the public.

Ballena Press, Box 1366, Socorro, New Mexico 87801

Publishers of scholarly writings on Calif., Southwest, and Great Basin ethnohistory. List available.

Bean, Lowell J. and Thomas Blackburn, authors

Native Californians: A Theoretical Retrospective. Ramona: Ballena Press. 1971. Collection of papers on California Indian social organization.

Bean, Lowell John and Thomas F. King, authors*

Antap: California Indian Political and Economic Organization. Ramona: Ballena Press. 1974. Anthropological descriptions of organizational systems employed by various tribal groups.

Coyote Press*, P.O. Box 3377, Salinas, CA 93912

Publishers of locally written manuscripts dealing with the archaeology and ethnohistory of the central coast.

Davis, J.T.

Trade Routes and Economic Exchange among the Indians of California.Berkeley: U.C. Archaeological Survey Reports. 1961. Details the incredible variety of exchange goods and extensive trade system of prehistoric California.

Deetz, James

Invitation to Archaeology. Garden City: The Natural History Press. 1967. Explanation of the reasons for, and results of, archaeological methods.

Fages, Pedro*

Expedition of Pedro Fages to the San Francisco Bay, 1770. H. E. Bolton, ed. San Francisco: Academy of Pacific Coast History. 1911. Translated diary of early land expedition.

Gamman, John K.

The Ohlone Indians-People of the West: Their use of natural resources. Unpublished Senior Thesis at Special Collections, UCSC McHenry Library. 1973. Study of seasonal food gathering by ecozones.

Gordon, Burton L.*

Monterey Bay Area: Natural History and Cultural Imprints. Pacific Grove: Boxwood Press. 1974. Evolution of the Monterey Bay area landscape, detailing man's manipulation of natural resources. More recent revised edition now available.

Heizer, Robert F. *

The Costanoan Indians. Local History Studies, Vol. 18. Cupertino: California History Center, De Anza College. 1974. Thorough survey of Costanoan/Ohlone culture.

Heizer, Robert F., editor

They Were Only Diggers. Newspaper accounts of persecution against the California Indians in the 19th century.

Heizer, R.F. and M.A. Whipple *

The California Indians: A Source Book. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. 1971. Collection of papers on the material culture and social organization of all California tribes.

Jackson, Robert

An Introduction to the Historical Demography of Santa Cruz Mission and the Villa de Branciforte, 1791-1846. Unpublished Senior Thesis, Special Collections, UCSC McHenry Library. Includes reconstruction of population patterns of local Ohlone and effects of missionization.

Kessler, Christina *

Ohlone: Native Americans of the San Francisco and Monterey Bay Areas. Unpublished Honors Senior Thesis, Special Collections, UCSC McHenry Library. 1974. Carefully researched, well written paper exploring the lifeways of the Ohlone and European impact on their culture.

Kroeber, A.L.

Handbook of the Indians of California. Washington: Smithsonian Institution. 1925. Classic California Indians handbook, republished in paperback by Dover, New York, 1976.

Kroeber, Theodora

Ishi in Two Worlds. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1961. Detailed account of lifeways as explained to anthropologists by last surviving Yahi, 1911-1916.

Levy, Richard

The Costanoan, pp. 485-495 in Handbook of the North American Indians, Vol. 8, California. Washington: Smithsonian Institution. 1978. Recent survey of Costanoan/Ohlone culture, synthesizing recent work with emphasis on linguistic origins.

Lewis, Henry T.

Patterns of Indian Burning in California: Ecology and Ethnohistory. Ramona: Ballena Press. 1973. References for burning as a method of agriculture.

Margolin, Malcolm *

The Ohlone Way. Indian Life in the San Francisco-Monterey Bay Area. Berkeley: Heyday Books. 1978. A sensitive, beautifully written description of the Ohlone way of life, with excellent bibliography.

Palou, Fray

Francisco Historical Memoirs of New California. H.E. Bolton, ed. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1926. Translated journals of travels in Alta California.

Santa Cruz Archaeological Society *, 1305 East Cliff Drive, Santa Cruz 95062.

Publishers of SCAN, Santa Cruz Archaeological Notes; present films, speakers, activities related to the preservation of archaeological sites in Santa Cruz County. Meetings third Thursday monthly, City Natural History Museum.

Santa Cruz City Museum *, 1305 East Cliff Drive, Santa Cruz CA 95062.

Natural History museum in Seabright, with excellent display on California Indians and good bookstore.

Santa Maria, Fray Vicente *

The First Spanish Entry into San Francisco Bay. John Galvin, ed. San Francisco: J. Howell, Publisher. Sensitive portrayal of Bay Area Ohlone before missionization.

Smith, Charles R. *

In Harmony with the Earth: Heritage Significance among the Ohlone, in Archaeological Evaluation of CA-SCR-158 by J. Bergthold, G.S. Breschini, and T. Haversat. Salinas: Coyote Press, 1980. Examination of attitudes held by Ohlone and other Native Americans towards the desecration of their sacred sites by development and archaeologists.

Sources Consulted in the Preparation of this Manuscript

Personal Communications:

Baker, Suzanne
Archaeological Consultants, San Francisco, CA. Personal communication regarding recent excavations at CA-SCR-12, the "Beach Hill" site. July 1980.

Cartier, Robert
Archaeological Resource Management, San Jose, CA. Personal communication regarding recent excavations in Scotts Valley. July 1980.

Mathes, Eric
Consulting Artist, graphics and illustrations, Santa Cruz, CA. Personal communication regarding appearance of Ohlone landscape. July, 1980.

Orozco, Patrick
Ohlone Indian Cultural Association, Watsonville, CA. Personal notes and communications, 1975 - 1978; address to the Santa Cruz Archaeological Society, 1975.

Unpublished Papers and other collected manuscripts in public and private collections:

Ball, Francine
"Mortuary Customs and Beliefs of the Costanoan Indians." Unpublished class paper, in possession of Department of Special Collections, McHenry Library, University of California Santa Cruz. 1974.

Breschini, Gary S. and Trudy Haversat
"Archaeological Overview of the Central Coast Counties, Draft for Comment," in possession of Regional Office of the California Archaeological Site Survey, Aptos CA. 1979.

Edwards, Robert L. and MaryEllen [Ryan] Farley
"Assessment of the Cultural Resources of the Lower Pajaro River Basin, California, with selected field study." Contracted manuscript in possession of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, San Francisco, CA. 1974.

Gamman, John K.
"The Ohlone Indians - People of the West: Their Use of Natural Resources." Student Paper no. ES 144 N, in possession of Department of Special Collections, McHenry Library, University of California Santa Cruz. 1973.

Kessler, Christina
"Ohlone: Native Americans of the San Francisco and Monterey Bay Area." Honors Thesis, in possession of Department of Special Collections, McHenry Library, University of California Santa Cruz. 1974.

Kessler, Christina Mary
"People of the West." Student paper, in possession of Department of Special Collections, McHenry Library, University of California Santa Cruz. 1974.

Koster, George H.
"The San Lorenzo River, Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow." Thesis, in possession of Department of Special Collections, McHenry Library, University of California Santa Cruz. 1975.

Krumbein, William J.
"Natural Bridges State Beach History." Undated typescript in possession of Department of Special Collections, McHenry Library, University of California Santa Cruz.

Morris, Joseph and Allan Lonnberg
"Santa Cruz County Prehistoric Settlement Pattern Analysis: A Preliminary Report." Student paper in possession of Department of Special Collections, McHenry Library, University of California Santa Cruz. 1975.

Ryan Farley, MaryEllen
"California Indians of the Central Coast." Typescript for slide illustrated lecture program, in possession of Santa Cruz City Museum. 1973.

Simmons, Terry
"The Status and Future of Archaeology in the Santa Cruz Region." Thesis, in possession of Department of Special Collections, McHenry Library, University of California Santa Cruz. 1978.

Spencer, Lois
"The Costanoan Indians: Bibliography." Typescript in possession of Department of Special Collections, McHenry Library, University of California Santa Cruz. 1971.

Swift, Carolyn
"A Sampler: Indians of Santa Cruz County." Student paper in possession of Library, Cabrillo College, Aptos CA. 1971.

Various authors and dates
Files and confidential records of the Regional Office of the Californian Archaeological Site Survey, Aptos, CA. Used in this manuscript:
Santa Cruz County Archaeological Site Records, 3 volumes, including CA-SCR-12, -24, -25, -80, -87, -89, -93, -94, -106, -114, -116, -142, -187, -189.
Santa Cruz County Archaeological Impact Evaluations: No. E-14, -21, -23, -32, -51, -64, -103, -159, -165, -174, -177, -178, -179, -200, -208, -211, -215, -218, -235, -243, -255, -275, -276, -298, -309, -313, -317, -331, -336, -342.

Weiner, Ann Lucy
"Mechanisms and Trends in the Decline of Costanoan Population." Thesis, in possession of Department of Special Collections, McHenry Library, University of California Santa Cruz. 1979.

Published Sources:

Edwards, Rob
5400 Years on the Santa Cruz Coast, article in Volume 3 Number 3, Santa Cruz Archaeological Notes. Santa Cruz: Santa Cruz Archaeological Society.

Gordon, Burton L.
Monterey Bay Area: Natural History and Cultural Imprints. Pacific Grove: Boxwood Press. 1974.

Heizer, Robert F.
The Costanoan Indians. Local History Studies, Vol. 18. Cupertino: California History Center. 1974.

Heizer, R.F. and M.A. Whipple
The California Indians: A Source Book. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1971.

Kroeber, A.L.
Handbook of the Indians of California. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. 1925.

Levy, Richard
The Costanoan, pp. 485-495 in Handbook of the North American Indians, Vol. 8, California. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. 1978.

Margolin, Malcolm
The Ohlone Way. Indian Life in the San Francisco-Monterey Bay Area. Berkeley: Heyday Books. 1978.

Mathes, W. Michael
A Brief History of the Land of Calafia: The Californias 1533 - 1795. San Francisco: the author.

Nemeric, Jan
Edible Plants of Santa Cruz used by Aborigines, article in Loganberry: A Santa Cruz Magazine, second edition. Santa Cruz: UCSC Environmental Studies Department. 1973.

Smith, Charles R.
In Harmony with the Earth: Heritage Significance among the Ohlone, in Archaeological Evaluation of CA-SCR-158 by J. Bergthold, G.S. Breschini, T. Haversat. Salinas: Coyote Press. 1980.


© Copyright MaryEllen Ryan. Reproduced with the permission of MaryEllen Ryan and the City of Santa Cruz.

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