Santa Cruz County History - Executive Order 9066 and the Residents of Santa Cruz County



Chronology, Part 6: The Release and Return of the Evacuees
by Rechs Ann Pedersen

January 1945 through 1946

Articles are from the following newspapers:
Riptide, Watsonville Register-Pajaronian (WRP), Santa Cruz Sentinel-News (SCS) [E] Evening Edition, [M] Morning Edition
Sources used for the dates of events are listed in the Bibliography.
To read the full text of an article, click on the headline.


1945
Date Headline Citation
Jan. 2 INTERNED JAPANESE AMERICANS ALLOWED TO RETURN TO WEST COAST
Public Proclamation No. 21 revoked mass exclusion of persons of Japanese Ancestry. Individual exclusions were still in effect.
Jan. 8 SCHOOL HEADS IN PLEDGE ON RETURN OF JAPANESE PUPILS WRP p.4
[INDUSTRIAL AND FARM JOBS] WRP p.4
Jan. 12 UC PROFESSOR SAYS RETURNING JAPANESE WILL NOT THREATEN FARMERS' ECONOMIC SECURITY WRP p.12
Jan. 19 REP. ANDERSON STAND ON JAPS
..."There are two primary reasons why I have consistently opposed the lifting of the exclusion order and the return of Japanese-Americans at this time. First, of course, is the question of security for citizens of Pacific coast states while the Pacific war continues, and second is the safety of the Japanese-Americans themselves.
WRP p.4
Jan. 25 HOLLYWOOD LEGION TIFF ON JAP ISSUE WRP p.8
Jan. 30 FRANK SAKATA HERE ON BUSINESS TRIP
Frank Sakata, Pajaro valley Nisei who was evacuated three years ago, and who now is farming with his family in eastern Oregon, was here on business Monday and Tuesday. He was accompanied by another former local Nisei, "Sox" Yamaguchi. ...As far as is known, Sakata and Yamaguchi were the first Nisei to visit the valley since the army lifted the evacuation ban early in the year.
WRP p.1
Feb. 2 'MONTEREY BAY COUNCIL ON JAPANESE RELATIONS' TELLS STAND, INVITES MEMBERSHIPS WRP p.1
Feb. 3 SEIFERT TELLS JAP RELATIONS COUNCIL STAND
"... I honestly believe I am as free of any kind of race prejudice as any human being can be and I cannot see where any other racial problem could arise which would be fraught with as much danger to our future generations as the Japanese problem."
WRP p.4
Feb. 12 NATIVE SONS SEEK LAWS TO GOVERN JAPANESE IN STATE WRP p.3
Feb. 24 500 JAPANESE BACK ON COAST
War Relocation authority records completed through Feb. 17 show that 413 Japanese went to California, 43 to Washington, 33 to Oregon, and 32 to Arizona.
WRP p.1
April 2 LOCAL NISEI WITH 'O'CONNOR TASK FORCE' WRP p.3
April 10 'IF I WERE A JAPANESE-AMERICAN'
... I would remember the fact, without admitting that I am a slacker, that I wasn't required by the government to risk my life in the war while other American citizens were so required with the result that many of them were wounded, shocked or killed.
WRP p.5
May 2 GERMAN FORCES IN ITALY SURRENDERED
May 7 GERMANY SURRENDERED
May 7 INCORPORATION PAPERS ON BAY COUNCIL OF JAPANESE RELATIONS FILED IN SALINAS WRP p.5
May 25 JAP FAMILY WITH 3 IN ARMY SEEK TO RETURN HERE
Residents of Brommer avenue in the Live Oak districts are being sounded out as the welcome which might be accorded the Otsuki family...
Riptide p. 3
June 1 ICKES RAPS JUDGE WHO TRIED MAN IN NISEI TERROR ATTACK WRP p.6
June 5 WRA HOPES TO LIQUIDATE ITS ACTIVITIES BY NEXT JANUARY WRP p.3
FRESNO DA HITS ACLU CHARGE IN NISEI TROUBLE WRP p.5
June 7 REFITTING OF RELEASED NISEI INTO CIVILIAN LIFE IN WEST IS CAUSE OF GROWING CONCERN WRP p.8
June 12 89 NISEI GIVEN YEAR SENTENCE AS DRAFT EVADERS WRP p.3
OVERSEAS OFFICER'S VIEW ON NISEIS WRP p.5
June 19 2111 NISEI CASUALTIES REPORTED BY US ARMY WRP p.1
June 22 MYER SAYS SOLDIERS WILL ACCEPT NISEI WRP p.1
July 9 COZZENS SAYS CHARGES AGAINST WRA ARE 'FALSE' WRP p.4
July 11 STATE GETS MORE POWER TO SEIZE ALIEN LAND HOLDINGS WRP p.3
July 13 WRITES FROM CHINA ON JAPANESE-AMERICANS WRP p.3
July 27 ARMY OFFICER TELLS OF NISEI IN COMBAT WRP p.1
July 30 GEN. PRATT SAYS HE HAS SOLE AUTHORITY, RESPONSIBILITY IN RETURN OF JAPANESE TO COAST WRP p.1
WATSONVILLE NISEI RETURNING FROM ITALY WRP p.6
Aug. 6 U.S. DROPPED THE ATOMIC BOMB ON HIROSHIMA
Aug. 9 U.S. DROPPED THE ATOMIC BOMB ON NAGASAKI
Aug. 29 STATE GIVEN JAP LAND IN SALINAS AREA WRP p.1
Sept. 2 JAPAN SIGNED THE TERMS OF SURRENDER
Sept. 4 PUBLIC PROCLAMATION No. 25--ended individual exclusion of Japanese and Japanese Americans from the West Coast.
Sept. 5 JAPANESE EXCLUSION IS ENDED
With the war department and the Western Defense command issuing proclamations terminating the exclusive [sic exclusion?] program Tuesday night under which persons of Japanese ancestry were banned from the three west coast states, the Pajaro valley's present Japanese population of approximately 77 individuals was expected to increase steadily in the next few weeks. ...
WRP p.1
Sept. 6 RETURNING JAPANESE
It has been this newspaper's steady contention that return en masse would so complicate housing and other economic factors that incidents would occur despite the best efforts of the WRA and others who want to see law and order maintained.
WRP p.6
Sept. 8 HOSTEL SLATED FOR RETURNING JAPANESE AT GILROY SPRINGS WRP p.1
Sept. 12 FIRST GROUP OF EVACUEES RETURN TO S.C. COUNTY
74 JAPANESE EVACUEES HERE
In the first group movement since lifting of the Japanese exclusion program Sept. 4, 74 Japanese evacuees arrived at Watsonville junction Wednesday morning...
WRP p.1
Sept. 18 C C SURVEY ON RETURNING JAPANESE
...This questionnaire propounded inquiries on the attitude of local people with respect to the proposed return of Japanese to this locality. ..."
WRP p.1
Sept. 20 JAPANESE SURVEY
To the Editor:
I have just noted the very recent C.C. survey concerning the ever-present Japanese problem in our midst.... Of late we have been learning of an increasing number of "Jap lovers" - people meeting the trains to usher these homecomers back to the Promised Land, while many are throwing their doors all but off the hinges to see that these people have employment.
WRP p.8
Sept. 21 97 MORE JAPANESE ARRIVE HERE; CIO GROUP HEARS TALK WRP p.1
Sept. 24 FLARE THROWN AT BUDDHIST TEMPLE HERE WRP p.1
Sept. 25 VIOLENCE WILL NOT BE TOLERATED IN WATSONVILLE WRP p.6
Sept. 26 NISEI PLEA FOR UNDERSTANDING
To the Editor:
Quoting from G.W. Cornell's letter of Sept. 20 to the editor, "everything possible should be done to encourage all Japanese to return to their native land and ..." Perhaps we could have just as easily relocated elsewhere but, my dear Mr. Cornell, because CALIFORNIA was our native land, we have returned.
WRP p.3
Oct. 4 EVACUEE COUNCIL HEAD IN PLEA TO SEC. BYRNES WRP p.8
CORNELL'S FINAL COMMENT ON EVACUEES
... If it had not been for the great protecting arm of our democracy that removed you and others of your race in the spring of '42 and safely housed, fattened and clothed you after the FBI had unearthed so many hidden firearms, shortwave sets, etc., in your homes - the Lord only knows what might have been your lot.
WRP p.8
Oct. 6 SOLDIERS PROTEST ACTION AGAINST JAPANESE WRP p.5
Oct. 11 CPL. JACK KIRBY DECRIES NISEI DISCRIMINATION
"Since my return from the prison camps, I have been noting with growing alarm the discrimination against Americans of Japanese ancestry in this area. ..."
WRP p.6
Nov. 28 POSTON RELOCATION CENTER CLOSED.
1946
Feb. 6 WRA OFFICES IN DISTRICT SHUT BY MAY WRP p.5
April 25 ALIEN JAPANESE NATIONALITY LAW FACES TEST WRP p.8
April 19 WATSONVILLE WAR RELOCATION AUTHORITY OFFICE CLOSED
May 15 STATE WAR RELOCATION AUTHORITY OFFICE CLOSED
May 15 STATE WRA OFFICES CLOSE; 75 PER CENT OF JAPANESE EVACUEES REPORTED RETURNED WRP p.8
May 26 NISEI SOLDIER MEMORIAL SERVICE SET FOR THURSDAY WRP p.2
June 30 WAR RELOCATION AUTHORITY PROGRAM OFFICIALLY ENDED

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