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Santa Cruz County History - Executive Order 9066 and the Residents of Santa Cruz County
Chronology, Part 5: During the Internment
by Rechs Ann Pedersen
Articles are from the following newspapers:
Riptide, Watsonville Register-Pajaronian (WRP), Santa Cruz Sentinel-News (SCS) [E] Evening Edition, [M] Morning Edition
Sources used for the dates of events are listed in the Bibliography.
To read the full text of an article, click on the headline.
|Jan. 20||WAR DEPT. REINSTATED THE DRAFT FOR NISEI DETAINEES|
|JAP ISSUE ON HOME FRONT:
DeWITT REPORT SAYS EVACUATION MILITARY NECESSITY
|JAP ISSUE ON HOME FRONT:
FAIR PLAY GROUP FEARS PRECEDENT, FILES ARTICLES
|Feb. 1||'SOUL-STIRRING HATE' NEEDED TO WIPE OUT JAPS--GARDNER
"For the last two years, some of us, privately and publicly, have asserted that the Japanese, as a race, are absolutely bad, that they are inherently, biologically and traditionally vicious, inherently inhuman, totally unfit for association with any human being..."
|Feb. 7||FRESNO TEST CASE
LOOMS ON SEIZURE OF STORED JAP EQUIPMENT
|April 8||DRAFT BOARDS HAVE PROBLEM IN RECLASSIFICATION OF JAPANESE||WRP p.2|
|April 13||ICKES BACKS WRA HANDLING OF JAPANESE
Secretary of Interior Harold L. Ickes Thursday denounced "professional race mongers" who oppose release of loyal Japanese-Americans from relocation camps and said that people who deny them decent treatment "don't believe in the constitution of the United States."
|FIRST STEP IN CAMPAIGN TO TAKE LAND FROM ALIEN JAPS NOW HELD THROUGH 'DUMMIES'||WRP p.3|
|April 28||NISEI IN US ARMY WON'T BE USED IN COMBAT AGAINST JAPS||WRP p.3|
|May 20||3 JAP EVACUEES FACE MONTEREY CO. LAND CHARGE
Criminal complaints charging conspiracy to violate the alien property act of 1920 were filed against three Japanese in superior court at Salinas Friday by Monterey County District Attorney Anthony Brazil.
|May 27||WHAT OTHER EDITORS SAY-- AFTER THE WAR
(From San Francisco Chronicle)
|May 29||LETTER FROM JAPANESE AMERICAN IN SERVICE
... For us Japanese-Americans, we have two battles to win..."
|June 10||100th INFANTRY BATTALION AND 442nd REGIMENTAL COMBAT TEAM FORMALLY UNITED|
|Aug. 8||FOUR FORMER LOCAL JAPANESE-AMERICANS LEAVE POSTON FOR ARMY||WRP p.6|
|Sept. 23||HARRY F. MADOKORO'S LETTER BEFORE DEATH||WRP p.3|
|Oct. 3||WRA CHIEF SAYS HEROISM OF NISEI IN ITALY SOFTENING OPPOSITION TO JAPS RETURN||WRP p.3|
|Oct. 10||ATTORNEYS-GENERAL FILE BRIEF IN JAP EVACUATION CASE
Attorneys-generals of California, Oregon and Washington Monday joined in a brief filed with the supreme court asking that restrictions against Japanese-American citizens in Pacific coastal areas be removed "as soon as national security permits."
|Nov. 15||RETURN OF JAPANESE
- Under the Constitution, American-born Japanese cannot legally be prevented from returning to California once the military prohibition against their residence here is lifted. But the problem is not simply one of law codes, and any attempt to solve it by legalistic means alone must surely fail....The story of the Japanese in California before the war is that of a large concentrated minority, unassimilable and acquisitive.
|Nov. 17||RETURN OF JAPANESE STIRS MANY PROTESTS
... Feeling is particularly bitter in Salinas, home of the American tank company which suffered heavy casualties on Bataan. Watsonville police said they had not been notified of the arrival or impending arrival of any Japanese evacuees here. Officials also said they had received no reports to substantiate a rumor that a "dead Jap was found on the beach road" Friday morning.
|Nov. 18||WARREN TALKS WITH ARMY ON JAPS RETURN
SACRAMENTO (UP) - Gov. Earl Warren, commenting on complaints against the return of several Japanese to California, Saturday disclosed he had discussed with officers of the army's Western Defense command the possible danger of large scale release of evacuated Japanese....
|Nov. 20||CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION DIRECTOR SAYS JAPS WILL RETURN
...He declared the exclusion order was not based on military necessity but was the "unfortunate result of the ancient prejudice of such groups as the Associated Farmers ... and certain labor unions which resented the competing cheap labor of the Japanese."
|Nov. 22||ANDERSON SAYS 800 JAPANESE BACK; FDR TELLS STAND
WASHINGTON (UP) - Shortly after Rep. John Z. Anderson, R., Calif., had declared 800 Japanese evacuees had been permitted to return to the west coast, President Roosevelt Wednesday had expressed the belief that Japanese-Americans, who are American citizens, cannot be locked up in concentration camps indefinitely.
|Nov. 24||HENRY IZUMIZAKI KILLED IN ACTION||WRP p.1|
|Dec. 17||PUBLIC PROCLAMATION NO. 21 ISSUED--War Dept. revoked mass exclusion of persons of Japanese ancestry from the West Coast. The Proclamation went into effect Jan. 2, 1945.|
|Dec. 18||U.S. SUPREME COURT RULES THAT EXECUTIVE ORDER 9066 CONSTITUTIONAL IN KOREMATSU V. UNITED STATES; ALSO RULES THAT GOVERNMENT COULD NOT DETAIN LAW-ABIDING CITIZENS IN DETENTION IN ENDO, EX PARTE|
|VIOLENCE IS FEARED; GOV. WARREN CALLS UPON POLICE||WRP p.1|
|HIGH COURT RULES 'LOYAL JAPS' FREE||WRP p.1|
|SIDELIGHTS ON LIFTING OF EXCLUSION BAN ON JAPANESE||WRP p.1|
|Dec.19||EXCLUSION BAN OFF||WRP p.6|
|COZZENS TELLS WRA PLANS IN RESETTLEMENT OF JAPANESE||WRP p.8|
|Dec. 21||ICKES SAYS MOST JAPANESE EVACUEES 'CHOOSE TO REMAIN' WHERE THEY ARE||WRP p.1|
|Dec. 22||DISAGREES ON JAPANESE ISSUE||WRP p.|
|Dec. 28||OTHER EDITORS' VIEWS
We have been asked what other editors of smaller city daily newspapers think about the lifting of the exclusion order against west coast Japanese.
>>Continue with: Chronology, pt. 6.
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