Santa Cruz County History - Executive Order 9066 and the Residents of Santa Cruz County



Chronology, Part 4: During the Internment

1943

Articles are from the following newspapers:
Riptide, Watsonville Register-Pajaronian (WRP), Santa Cruz Sentinel-News (SCS) [E] Evening Edition, [M] Morning Edition
Sources used for the dates of events are listed in the Bibliography.
To read the full text of an article, click on the headline.


1943
Date Headline Citation
Jan 442nd REGIMENTAL COMBAT TEAM ORGANIZED BY PRESIDENTIAL DECREE--formed from Nisei volunteers from the U.S. mainland and Hawaii  
Jan. 13 WHAT OF THE WEST COAST JAPANESE?
We learn, from our discussions with various persons, that local people are divided in their ideas about the problem.
WRP p.4
Jan. 16 JAPANESE FARM MACHINERY MAY BE PUT TO WORK SCS p.1
Jan. 27 PLAN STUDIED TO PUT LOYAL U.S. JAPANESE IN WAR PLANTS SCS p.1
Feb. 8 LOYALTY QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTERED TO ALL MEN AND WOMEN OVER 17 IN RELOCATION CENTERS  
Feb. 24 DEFENSE COUNCIL RAPS FREEING OF INTERNED JAPS: PROTESTS GOING TO PRESIDENT, SEC. STIMSON
Pajaro Valley and Watsonville Defense council, in special session Tuesday night, adopted a resolution protesting the War Relocation authority's proposed program of releasing Japanese evacuees...
WRP p.1
RESOLUTION AGAINST JAP PROGRAM
Following is the resolution adopted Tuesday night by the Pajaro Valley and Watsonville Defense council
WRP p.1
JAPANESE EVACUEES MUST BE KEPT UNDER STRICT SURVEILLANCE WRP p.4
Mar. 9 AMERICAN PRINCIPLE CITED BY MCCARTHY IN DEFENSE OF JAPS WRP p.6
Mar. 20 WAR RELOCATION AUTHORITY AUTHORIZED TO ISSUE CONDITIONAL LEAVE PERMITS TO DETAINEES  
Mar. 26 ALIEN FISHING BAN HITS 15 IN SANTA CRUZ SCS p.1
Mar. 28 JAP NATIONALITY QUESTIONS PUT TO SUPREME COURT SCS p.1
Mar. 30 SUPREME COURT ASKED TO RULE ON JAP-AMERICAN EVACUATION WRP p.1
Apr. 2 RELEASE OF NATIVE-BORN JAPS FROM CAMPS ASKED BY SENATOR WRP p.1
Apr. 6 MOVING JAPS UNCONSTITUTIONAL? WRP p.6
Apr. 8 POLITICALLY SPEAKING
...Legislators and farmers have been fretting over the wasted farm machinery left behind by interned Japanese farmers...
SCS [E] p.10
Apr. 16 DEWITT ATTITUDE ON JAPS UPSETS PLANS: MANY READY FOR RETURN TO COAST
By FRED MULLEN
WASHINGTON (UP) - The attitude of Lt.-Gen. John L. DeWitt that "a Jap's a Jap," has upset for the present an administration plan to return to useful work on the Pacific coast a majority of the 110,000 Japanese evacuees in relocation camps, it was learned Friday.
WRP p.1
Apr. 24 JAP CITIZENSHIP RESTS ON OLD CASE BEFORE HIGH COURT. WRP p.3
SUPERVISORS PROTEST RELEASING OF JAPS WRP p.1
Apr. 25 SANTA CRUZ COUNTY SUPERVISORS DEPLORE ARMY'S ACTION IN TAKING SOLDIERS OF JAPANESE ANCESTRY SCS [M] p.1
Apr. 26 A LETTER FROM POSTON
Do you consider for a minute that we American citizens of Japanese ancestry are being treated fairly in being placed in a concentration camp, although it is not called concentration camp by our government, but theoretically it is?
WRP p.3
HERE'S TEXT OF SUPERVISORS' RESOLUTION ON JAPANESE WRP p.4
May 21 WAR PRISONER FARM HANDS WRP p.3
May 28 JAP CITIZENSHIP
Patriots who really work at it are the Native Sons of the Golden West, who held their 66th annual convention last week...to keep all Japs in the relocation camps until other arrangements can be made and to bar forever American-born Japanese from United States citizenship.
WRP p.3
May 31 NEW WARNING ON RELEASING OF JAPANESE
...might result in turning trained saboteurs loose in this country...
WRP p.1
June 8 'TEETH' PUT IN JAP ALIEN LAND LAW
... Gov. Earl Warren Tuesday signed the Engle bill (8B140) putting more "teeth" into the alien land law of 1920 ...
WRP p.1
June 10 POSTON JAPS USED GOVERNMENT CARS FOR FISHING TRIPS AND PICNICS, DIES GROUP TOLD WRP p.3
June 11 JAP'S SIEGE AT POSTON REVEALED WRP p.2
June 12 GOV. WARREN OPPOSES JAPS' RETURN TO STATE IN WARTIME WRP p.1
Outbreaks of violence at the Poston, Ariz. relocation center late last year were caused by the return of 365 Japanese from "dangerous alien" camps in New Mexico and North Dakota, Norris James, War Relocation Authority intelligence officer, told a Dies subcommittee here. WRP p.1
June 14 POSTON JAPS ARMED, DIES GROUP TOLD WRP p.3
June 18 RACE PREJUDICE BLAMED FOR REMOVAL OF JAPANESE WRP p.1
June 21 U.S. SUPREME COURT UPHOLDS CONSTITUTIONALITY OF CURFEW LAW IN HIRABAYASHI V. UNITED STATES  
SUPREME COURT UPHOLDS CONVICTION OF TWO JAPS
WASHINGTON (UP) -The supreme court Monday upheld the convictions of Gordon K. Hirabayashi and Minoru Yasui, American citizens of Japanese descent, for violating evacuation and curfew orders of the U.S. army.
WRP p.1
JAPS MUST BE WATCHED SAYS WARREN
COLUMBUS, O. (UP) - The release of 150,000 Japanese now held at relocation centers may lead to widespread sabotage and a "second Pearl Harbor in California," Gov. Earl Warren of California said Monday.
WRP p.1
June 22 SUPREME COURT BACKS DEWITT WRP p.6
June 29 HEARING ON JAP ISSUE HERE JULY 7
The California State Senate Interim Committee on the Japanese problem... will hold a hearing here on Wednesday afternoon...
WRP p.1
July 6 JAP-AMERICAN ARMY PRIVATE WANTS 'CHINAMAN'S CHANCE' TO PROVE LOYALTY TO THE US WRP p.6
July 7-8 CALIF. STATE SENATE INTERIM SUBCOMMITTEE HEARINGS ON THE "JAPANESE PROBLEM' HELD IN WATSONVILLE  
July 7 WRA DIRECTOR IRED BY DIES' JAP PROBE WRP p.1
July 8 MAJORITY OPINION AT JAP HEARING--KEEP THEM OUT AFTER THE WAR WRP p.1
July 9 SANTA CRUZANS TESTIFY AT WATSONVILLE JAP HEARINGS SCS [E] p. 1
July 15 TULE LAKE DESIGNATED AS CENTER FOR DETAINEES WHO WOULD NOT SIGN LOYALTY OATH  
July 16 NO MORE JAPS IN COUNTY IS WISH OF THE MAJORITY Riptide p.1
July 25 BENITO MUSSOLINI FELL FROM POWER  
Aug. 24 ARMY WILL NOT SUPERVISE JAPS AT RELOCATION CENTERS WRP p.1
Sept. 14 FR SAYS MOST JAP EVACUEES ARE LOYAL WRP p.1
Oct. 13 ITALY DECLARED WAR ON GERMANY  
Oct. 18 JAPANESE-AMERICAN SOLDIERS UNDER FIRE AT BENEVENTO BATTLE WRP p.1
Oct. 22 8200 DISLOYAL JAPS NOW AT TULE LAKE;
10,000 BY JAN. 1
WRP p.1
Oct. 23 WAR DEPARTMENT PAYS TRIBUTE TO JAPANESE-AMERICAN TROOPS WRP p.6
Oct. 29 SULLEN JAPS REFUSE WORK AT TULE LAKE WRP p.1
Nov. 22 JAP SUBVERSIVE GROUP HAD HEADQUARTERS HERE, CHARGE WRP p.1
Dec. 9 BIDDLE SAYS JAP-AMERICAN CITIZENSHIP CAN BE REVOKED WRP p.1

>>Continue with: Chronology, pt. 5.


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