Santa Cruz County History - Executive Order 9066 and the Residents of Santa Cruz County



Chronology, Part 2: The Signing of Executive Order 9066 to the Move to Poston

Feb. 19, 1942 -- June 17, 1942

Articles are from the following newspapers:
Riptide, Watsonville Register-Pajaronian (WRP), Santa Cruz Sentinel-News (SCS) [E] Evening Edition, [M] Morning Edition
Sources used for the dates of events are listed in the Bibliography.
To read the full text of an article, click on the headline.


1942
Date Headline Citation
Feb. 19 PRES. FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT SIGNED Executive Order 9066.  
AS WE SEE IT [Editorial]
"This is no time for expansive discourses on protection of civil liberties for Japanese residents of the Pacific coast, whether they be American citizens or aliens."
SCS. [M] p. 1.
SC MARTIAL LAW, RICH COMMENTS
"I do think the people on the whole would feel a lot safer with all Japanese out of the community. It might be a way of bolstering morale and waking the people up to the fact the situation is serious."
SCS. [M] p. 1.
ALIEN RULES FELT AT H.S. SCS. [E] p. 10.
Feb. 20 GENERAL JOHN L. DEWITT-- appointed by Secretary of War to administer Executive Order 9066.  
JAPANESE NOT THE ONLY ENEMY ALIENS TO WATCH CLOSELY [Editorial] WRP p.4.
Feb. 21 FDR AUTHORIZES WAR SECRETARY TO SET UP MILITARY AREAS TO CONTROL AXIS ALIENS WRP p.1
Mar. 1 PACIFIC COAST JAPANESE PREPARE FOR EVACUATION:
"We are preparing our people...to move out. We want them to go without bitterness, without rancor, and with the feeling that this can be their contribution to the defense of the United States."
SCS. [M] p. 1.
Mar. 2 PUBLIC PROCLAMATION NO. 1 -- Western halves of California, Oregon, Washington, and the Southern Part of Arizona were designated as Military Area No. 1. Advised "voluntary" evacuation to the interior of the United States. Persons of Japanese ancestry were to be evacuated first. When this was completed, the German and Italian aliens would be evacuated.  
Mar. 3 LOCAL ITALIANS FAVORED IN NEW ALIEN EVACUATION RULE
"...exempted will be the families, including parents, wives, children, sisters and brothers of Germans and Italians in the armed forces..."
SCS [E] p.1
Mar. 4 2500 TO QUIT VALLEY; AMERICAN-BORN INCLUDED IN ARMY ORDER WRP p.1
Mar. 5 S.C. ALIENS AMONG FIRST EVACUATED; 60 DAYS IN WHICH ALL MUST GO " Evacuation of all Japanese, alien and citizen, and Italian and German aliens, will be conducted first in such seaport areas as Santa Cruz... " SCS [E] p.1
WHAT OTHER EDITORS SAY:
Fair Treatment For Japanese
WRP p.8
Mar. 6 JAPS PLAN EVACUATION; TWO RECEPTION CENTERS SET UP WRP p.1
Mar. 9 ALIENS! WARNINGS ARE GIVEN
"Don't sell property at sacrifice prices, continue to work your crops until exclusion is ordered officially..."
SCS. [E] p. 5
JAPANESE CENSUS TOTAL LISTED IN S.C. AREA SCS. [E] p. 5
Mar. 17 PROCLAMATION NO. 2 -- four more states designated as military zones.  
Mar. 18 PRES. ROOSEVELT SIGNED EXECUTIVE ORDER 9102 ESTABLISHING THE WAR RELOCATION AUTHORITY.  
Mar. 19 NEW RULING STARTS ALIEN EVACUATION SCS. [E] p.1
Mar. 24 PUBLIC PROCLAMATION NO. 3 -- established curfew and travel regulation for Japanese, German, and Italian aliens and Japanese-Americans.  
NEW ALIEN CURFEW RULE STARTS FRIDAY SCS. [E] p. 1.
Mar. 26 PUBLIC PROCLAMATION NO. 4 --prohibited voluntary evacuation and established mandatory evacuation.  
Mar. 27 200 JAP FAMILIES REMAIN; WILL DO THEIR BEST ON FARMS SAYS I. MOTOKI WRP p.1.
WANTED: OPERATORS FOR JAP-ABANDONED FARMS SCS. [E] p. 1.
Mar. 30 ALIEN RULES TOUGHER, SOME EXEMPTIONS HERE
"Certain designated classes of Italian and German aliens--and a very few Japanese--Monday held a reprieve from evacuation and military curfew regulations.."
SCS. [E] p. 1.
Mar. 31 QUIET EVACUATION LEAVES ONLY 20 JAP FAMILIES SCS. [E] p. 1.
April 2 CALIFORNIA FIRED ALL STATE CIVIL SERVICE EMPLOYEES WHO WERE JAPANESE AMERICAN  
April 3 "LETS DEPORT ALL JAPANESE" [Editorial] Riptide. p.2
April 13 CENTERS FOR JAPS OK ARMY SAYS
"Japanese who will be evacuated from the Pajaro Valley soon...were assured Monday that living conditions in army-established assembly centers will be adequate."
WRP p.1.
April 17 JAPANESE FARM RULES
"New regulations to assure fair disposal and continued productivity of approximately 15 farms still operated by Japanese-Americans in the Watsonville and Santa Cruz area were announced today."
SCS. [E] p. 1.
April 26 1196 JAPANESE IN COUNTY TO GO THIS WEEK SCS. [M] p. 1.
April 27 ASSEMBLY CENTER AT SALINAS RODEO GROUNDS OPENED  
JAP FARM PROGRAM PLANS GIVEN SCS. [E] p. 5.
April 28 SALINAS JAPANESE ASSEMBLY CENTER BUSY PLACE AS EVACUEES MOVE IN WRP p.1.
April 29 JAPS DISAPPEAR FROM VALLEY AS EVACUATION ON WRP p.1.
April 30 NO PERSON OF JAPANESE ANCESTRY REMAINED IN SANTA CRUZ COUNTY  
LAST JAPANESE LEAVE VALLEY IN EVACUATION WRP p. 1
May 8 POSTON RELOCATION CENTER IN ARIZONA OPENED  
May 26 THE STORY OF 112,000 JAPANESE IN AMERICA
(A series of three Full-Texts: Part one)
WRP p.7
May 27 THE STORY OF 112,000 JAPANESE IN AMERICA
(Part two)
WRP p.9
May 28 THE STORY OF 112,000 JAPANESE IN AMERICA
(Part three)
WRP p.7
June ARMY COMPLETED EVACUATION OF PERSONS OF JAPANESE ANCESTRY FROM MILITARY AREA No. 1  
June 4-6 BATTLE OF MIDWAY--destroyed the Japanese Naval Fleet  
June 12 100th INFANTRY BATTALION CREATED--formed almost entirely of Japanese Americans from Hawaii  
June 17 STARTING SOME DAYS BEFORE, LOCAL EVACUEES WERE MOVED FROM SALINAS TO POSTON  

>>Continue with: Chronology, pt. 3.


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