Santa Cruz County History - Executive Order 9066 and the Residents of Santa Cruz County



Chronology, Part 1: The Attack on Pearl Harbor up to the Signing of Executive Order 9066

Dec. 7, 1941 -- Feb. 18, 1942

Articles are from the following newspapers:
Riptide, Watsonville Morning Sun (WMS), Watsonville Register-Pajaronian (WRP), Santa Cruz Sentinel-News (SCS) [E] Evening Edition, [M] Morning Edition
Sources used for the dates of events are listed in the Bibliography.
To read the full text of an article, click on the headline.


1941
Date Headline Citation
Dec. 7 JAPAN ATTACKED THE U.S. NAVAL FLEET AT PEARL HARBOR, HAWAII  
LET'S KEEP OUR HEAD! (Editorial) WMS p.1
LOCAL JAPANESE ASSURE THIS COUNTRY OF LOYALITYWMS p.1
Dec. 8 UNITED STATES DECLARED A STATE OF WAR WITH JAPAN  
Dec. 9 S.C. DIGS IN FOR DURATION OF WAR
"We are yours to command in this emergency"
SCS p.2
MALIO STAGNARO SPEAKSSCS p. 2.
Dec. 10 LOCAL JAPANESE ARE AGAINST WAR AGGRESSIONSCS p.8
Dec. 11 GERMANY AND ITALY DECLARED WAR ON THE U.S.; THE U.S. DECLARED WAR ON GERMANY AND ITALY  
Dec. 12-13 WE ARE LOYAL
by Itsumi Oita, co-winner of the American Legion Armistice Day oratorical contest.
WMS p. 8
Dec.13 JAPANESE FUNDS FROZEN HERE, OTHERS OKeh [sic]SCS p.2
Dec.18 AS WE SEE IT
[Editorial in the Sentinel-News on the loyalty and dual citizenship situation of Japanese nationals and their American-born children]
SCS p.1
Dec. 21 JAP SUBMARINE SHELLS TANKER OFF MONTEREY BAY SCS p. 1
Dec. 24 THE NISEI IN THE CROSS FIRE
(Editorial reprinted from the Christian Science Monitor)
WMS p.4
1942
Jan. 1 'WAIT-WATCH' NEW POLICY OF S.C. WHARFMENSCS p.7
Jan. 2 MOVEMENT OF ALL AXIS ALIENS NOW RESTRICTED WRP p.1
Jan. 5 WAR DEPT. CLASSIFIED JAPANESE-AMERICAN MEN OF DRAFT AGE AS ENEMY ALIENS, 4-C  
ENEMY ALIENS: SPECIFICALLY, HERE'S WHAT YOU'LL GIVE UP SCS [E] p.1
Jan. 13 $25,000 BOND GOAL SET BY LOCAL JACL WRP p.1
Jan. 16 JAPANESE AMERICAN CITIZENS' LEAGUE DECLARES ITS POLICY WRP p.2
Jan. 25 ROBERTS COMMISSION REPORT RELEASED--investigated the attack on Pearl Harbor, concluding that the attack had been assisted by Japanese spies in Hawaii; advised preventative action on the mainland for the sake of national security.  
Jan. 29 U.S. Justice Dept. announced plans to remove enemy aliens from areas in the eight far Western states.  
NEW RULE AFFECTS ALIENS HERE
[Identification Certificates]
SCS [E] p.1
Jan. 30 LOCAL ALIEN REACTION TO REMOVAL SCS [E] p.1
Feb 1 TWELVE UNHAPPY ENEMY ALIENS OF SANTA CRUZ
"Fishermen with 23 sons in Army and Navy are bound to wharf while boats lie idle and sea food is needed."
SCS [M] p.1
Feb 3 ENEMY ALIENS: "MOTHER" DEFENDS THEM
[impact on Italians]
SCS [E] p. 8
ALIEN BAN ON S.C. COAST WILL AFFECT HUNDREDS; FEBRUARY 24 IS DATE FOR CLEARING AREA SCS [M] p.1
NO EXCEPTIONS FOR S.C. ALIENS ; CONFUSION AFTER 1ST ORDER HERE SCS [E] p.1
MONTEREY FARM PARLEY URGES JAPANESE REMOVAL WRP p.2
Feb. 4 CURFEW HITS ALL LOCAL ALIENS; HUGH COAST AREA HIT BY NEW REGULATIONS SCS [E]. p.1
MEN WITHOUT A COUNTRY [Editorial]
There are two current schools of thought in Santa Cruz regarding enemy alien orders...
SCS [E] p.2.
OUSTED JAPANESE MAY ASK REHABILITATION AID: "WE'LL ABIDE BY ORDER,' SAYS ONE OF COLONY WRP p. 1
Feb. 5 AS WE SEE IT [Editorial]
Production of food is of such major importance to our country ...
SCS [E] p.1
MARCONI CLUB CHIEF APPEALS TO GOVERNOR SCS [M] p.1
Feb. 6 NEW ALIEN RULES SEEN
New proposed steps to cope with the Japanese alien-citizen problem on the west coast....the possibility of asking congress for legislation that would permit "protective custody" arrest of any citizen for the duration of the war.
SCS [E] p.1
Feb. 11 FBI ARRESTS 20 JAPS IN MONTEREY BAY TERRITORY; STORE KEEPER IS TAKEN IN CUSTODY AT WATSONVILLE SCS [M] p. 1
Feb. 13 NEW ALIEN PROFITEERING CHARGES ARE HURLED HERE. SCS p.1
JACOBY REFUTES RENT CHARGES BY S.C. ALIEN REPRESENTATIVES SCS [E] p. 1

>>Continue with: Chronology, pt. 2.


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