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Santa Cruz County History - Executive Order 9066 and the Residents of Santa Cruz County
Chronology, Part 1: The Attack on Pearl Harbor up to the Signing of Executive Order 9066
Dec. 7, 1941 -- Feb. 18, 1942
Articles are from the following newspapers:
Riptide, Watsonville Morning Sun (WMS), Watsonville Register-Pajaronian (WRP), Santa Cruz Sentinel-News (SCS) [E] Evening Edition, [M] Morning Edition
Sources used for the dates of events are listed in the Bibliography.
To read the full text of an article, click on the headline.
|Dec. 7||JAPAN ATTACKED THE U.S. NAVAL FLEET AT PEARL HARBOR, HAWAII|
|LET'S KEEP OUR HEAD! (Editorial)||WMS p.1|
|LOCAL JAPANESE ASSURE THIS COUNTRY OF LOYALITY||WMS p.1|
|Dec. 8||UNITED STATES DECLARED A STATE OF WAR WITH JAPAN|
|Dec. 9||S.C. DIGS IN FOR DURATION OF WAR
"We are yours to command in this emergency"
|MALIO STAGNARO SPEAKS||SCS p. 2.|
|Dec. 10||LOCAL JAPANESE ARE AGAINST WAR AGGRESSION||SCS p.8|
|Dec. 11||GERMANY AND ITALY DECLARED WAR ON THE U.S.; THE U.S. DECLARED WAR ON GERMANY AND ITALY|
|Dec. 12-13||WE ARE LOYAL|
by Itsumi Oita, co-winner of the American Legion Armistice Day oratorical contest.
|WMS p. 8|
|Dec.13||JAPANESE FUNDS FROZEN HERE, OTHERS OKeh [sic]||SCS p.2|
|Dec.18||AS WE SEE IT
[Editorial in the Sentinel-News on the loyalty and dual citizenship situation of Japanese nationals and their American-born children]
|Dec. 21||JAP SUBMARINE SHELLS TANKER OFF MONTEREY BAY||SCS p. 1|
|Dec. 24||THE NISEI IN THE CROSS FIRE
(Editorial reprinted from the Christian Science Monitor)
|Jan. 1||'WAIT-WATCH' NEW POLICY OF S.C. WHARFMEN||SCS p.7|
|Jan. 2||MOVEMENT OF ALL AXIS ALIENS NOW RESTRICTED||WRP p.1|
|Jan. 5||WAR DEPT. CLASSIFIED JAPANESE-AMERICAN MEN OF DRAFT AGE AS ENEMY ALIENS, 4-C|
|ENEMY ALIENS: SPECIFICALLY, HERE'S WHAT YOU'LL GIVE UP||SCS [E] p.1|
|Jan. 13||$25,000 BOND GOAL SET BY LOCAL JACL||WRP p.1|
|Jan. 16||JAPANESE AMERICAN CITIZENS' LEAGUE DECLARES ITS POLICY||WRP p.2|
|Jan. 25||ROBERTS COMMISSION REPORT RELEASED--investigated the attack on Pearl Harbor, concluding that the attack had been assisted by Japanese spies in Hawaii; advised preventative action on the mainland for the sake of national security.|
|Jan. 29||U.S. Justice Dept. announced plans to remove enemy aliens from areas in the eight far Western states.|
|NEW RULE AFFECTS ALIENS HERE|
|SCS [E] p.1|
|Jan. 30||LOCAL ALIEN REACTION TO REMOVAL||SCS [E] p.1|
|Feb 1||TWELVE UNHAPPY ENEMY ALIENS OF SANTA CRUZ
"Fishermen with 23 sons in Army and Navy are bound to wharf while boats lie idle and sea food is needed."
|SCS [M] p.1|
|Feb 3||ENEMY ALIENS: "MOTHER" DEFENDS THEM
[impact on Italians]
|SCS [E] p. 8|
|ALIEN BAN ON S.C. COAST WILL AFFECT HUNDREDS; FEBRUARY 24 IS DATE FOR CLEARING AREA||SCS [M] p.1|
|NO EXCEPTIONS FOR S.C. ALIENS ; CONFUSION AFTER 1ST ORDER HERE||SCS [E] p.1|
|MONTEREY FARM PARLEY URGES JAPANESE REMOVAL||WRP p.2|
|Feb. 4||CURFEW HITS ALL LOCAL ALIENS; HUGH COAST AREA HIT BY NEW REGULATIONS||SCS [E]. p.1|
|MEN WITHOUT A COUNTRY [Editorial]
There are two current schools of thought in Santa Cruz regarding enemy alien orders...
|SCS [E] p.2.|
|OUSTED JAPANESE MAY ASK REHABILITATION AID: "WE'LL ABIDE BY ORDER,' SAYS ONE OF COLONY||WRP p. 1|
|Feb. 5||AS WE SEE IT [Editorial]
Production of food is of such major importance to our country ...
|SCS [E] p.1|
|MARCONI CLUB CHIEF APPEALS TO GOVERNOR||SCS [M] p.1|
|Feb. 6||NEW ALIEN RULES SEEN
New proposed steps to cope with the Japanese alien-citizen problem on the west coast....the possibility of asking congress for legislation that would permit "protective custody" arrest of any citizen for the duration of the war.
|SCS [E] p.1|
|Feb. 11||FBI ARRESTS 20 JAPS IN MONTEREY BAY TERRITORY; STORE KEEPER IS TAKEN IN CUSTODY AT WATSONVILLE||SCS [M] p. 1|
|Feb. 13||NEW ALIEN PROFITEERING CHARGES ARE HURLED HERE.||SCS p.1|
|JACOBY REFUTES RENT CHARGES BY S.C. ALIEN REPRESENTATIVES||SCS [E] p. 1|
>>Continue with: Chronology, pt. 2.
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