Endangered Species in Santa Cruz County - Plants


Santa Cruz Tarplant

Santa Cruz Tarplant

Scientific Name: Holocarpha macradenia

Status: E

Santa Cruz Tarplant is a spreading, aromatic and glandular annual herb in the sunflower family with yellow flowers in dense heads. It occurs in clay soils in grasslands and competes poorly with introduced annual grasses. This tarplant was once found in most San Francisco Bay Area counties and south to Monterey County. Development has resulted in the extirpation of all natural populations in the counties surrounding the Bay. The last of these was destroyed in 1993. The species is now limited to less than 15 natural populations in Santa Cruz and Monterey counties; the largest population of Santa Cruz Tarplant occurs at the Watsonville Airport, which is attempting to establish new sites and enhance existing sites in this region.

Threats: Continued urban development, conversion to agriculture, competition from non-native plants, and ecologically inappropriate habitat disturbance (cattle, mowing, and discing), which facilitates the spread and growth of alien plants.

To Learn More:

  • CA Dept. of Fish and Game
    The California Department of Fish and Game's Rare Plant Program provides status information, study and harvesting permits, and related research for rare, threatened, and endangered plants in California.
  • CalPhotos Database
    Browseable photographs of the species.
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
    Documents describing for this species under the Endangered Species Act. General information about the species as well as plans to protect it and help in its recovery.

Last updated by teeterj on Oct. 27, 2011

Browse by Status Key

E — Endangered

T — Threatened

CH — Critical Habitat

PE — Taxa proposed for listing as endangered

PT — Taxa proposed for listing as threatened

PCH — Critical habitat which has been proposed

C — Candidate species for which the Fish and Wildlife Service has on file sufficient information on the biological vulnerability and threats to support proposals to list as endangered or threatened